The overall structure of the repository is a directory tree corresponding to the directories in the working directory. For example, supposing the repository is in
here is a possible directory tree (showing only the directories):
/usr | +--local | | | +--cvsroot | | | | | +--CVSROOT | (administrative files) | +--gnu | | | +--diff | | (source code to GNU diff) | | | +--rcs | | (source code to RCS) | | | +--cvs | (source code to CVS) | +--yoyodyne | +--tc | | | +--man | | | +--testing | +--(other Yoyodyne software)
With the directories are history files for each file under version control. The name of the history file is the name of the corresponding file with `,v' appended to the end. Here is what the repository for the `yoyodyne/tc' directory might look like:
$CVSROOT| +--yoyodyne | | | +--tc | | | +--Makefile,v +--backend.c,v +--driver.c,v +--frontend.c,v +--parser.c,v +--man | | | +--tc.1,v | +--testing | +--testpgm.t,v +--test2.t,v
The history files contain, among other things, enough
information to recreate any revision of the file, a log
of all commit messages and the user-name of the person
who committed the revision. The history files are
known as RCS files, because the first program to
store files in that format was a version control system
known as RCS. For a full
description of the file format, see the
rcsfile(5), distributed with RCS, or the
file `doc/RCSFILES' in the CVS source
file format has become very common--many systems other
than CVS or RCS can at least import history
files in this format.
The RCS files used in CVS differ in a few ways from the standard format. The biggest difference is magic branches; for more information see section Magic branch numbers. Also in CVS the valid tag names are a subset of what RCS accepts; for CVS's rules see section Tags--Symbolic revisions.
Go to the first, previous, next, last section, table of contents.